A language is used by certain member of a society in which the relationship between them cannot be thought of apart. The language itself is important and large utilizing when the speakers are important socially, culturally, commercially, economically, or politically. It is indeed very important as a lingua franca in a country or certain region whose diverse populations.
There are 10 most-spoken languages throughout the world which are then called as the Top 10 World’s Language. Have you known all of them? Is your mother tongue or your other language skills belonging to? Here they are..
1. MANDARIN CHINESE (with 1+billion users)
Beating the second-place most famous world’s language (English), Mandarin is a widely spoken language as with China is the most populated country in the world.
Mandarin (pŭtōnghuà, guóyŭ, huáyŭ) is spoken as a first language in many areas of northern and southwestern mainland China. The number of its speakers also huge around Brunei, Cambodia, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mongolia, Philippines, Russia, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, United Kingdom, USA, and Viet Nam.
Every syllable in Mandarin Chinese has a pitch that is an integral part of its pronunciation. Pitch distinguishes one syllable from another syllable that consists of the same consonants and vowels. The romanization system adopted by the government of the People’s Republic of China, called Pīnyīn, represents tones by diacritical marks over vowels. Thus, for Mandarin which has four tones, the syllable ma can be written in the following four ways that indicate tones. As you can see, tones make a difference in the meaning of these otherwise identical syllables.
How difficult is it to learn?
Mandarin needs 44 weeks or approxiamately 1.100 class hours in which its language difficulty scale is recognized in level III for the English speakers.
To say “Hello” in Mandarin, say “Nǐ hǎo” (Nee HaOW). *Hao: let your voice drop midway and then raise it again at the end.
2. ENGLISH (with more than 500 million users)
As widely known, English is the official language to most of the countries in the world. It belongs to the Western group of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family. Its speakers hails from all around the world, including the U.S, England, Australia, Zimbabwe, The Carribean, Hongkong, South Africa and Canada.
The varieties of standard English have several kinds rather than its non-standard varieties which are mainly recognized for its two different kinds of pronounciation and vocabulary used in speaking – British English and American English. Native speakers of English in England, Ireland, Wales, Scotland, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa tend to use British English. While, American English is used by native speakers of English in the U.S. and Canada. Each of the two varieties encompasses a large number of regional and social differences in pronunciation, vocabulary and even grammar. As a result, one can no longer think of English as one unitary language. Instead, the concept of world Englishes is much more appropriate.
How difficult is it to learn? It depends on your native language. English is easier to learn for speakers of German, a related language, than, for instance, for speakers of Chinese, an unrelated language.
3. HINDI (with between 400 – 500 million users)
Hindi is the primary language of India’s crowded population completing by a huge number of dialects. It is also known as Khadi Boli, Khari Boli, belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family. It is spoken as a first language primarily in northern and central India by more than 258 million people. Outside of India, Hindi is spoken in Australia, Bangladesh, Belize, Bhutan, Botswana, Canada, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Germany, Guyana, Kenya, Nepal, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Sint Maarten, South Africa, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Yemen, Zambia. There are many regional varieties of spoken Hindi. Literary Hindi has 4 varieties: High Hindi, Nagari Hindi, Literary Hindi, and standard Hindi.
How difficult is it to learn? Hindi is considered to be a level II in language difficulty scale for the English speakers which needs 44 weeks or approximately 1.100 class hours.
To say “Hello” in Hindi, say “Namastē” नमस्ते (Nah-MAH-stay).
4. SPANISH (with more than 300 million users)
Spanish (español, castellano) belongs to the Romance branch of the Indo-European language family. It is the official (or national) language of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Spain, Uruguay, and Venezuela.
How difficult is it to learn? Spanish needs 23-24 weeks or approximately 575-600 class hours which is considered as level I in language difficulty scale for the English speakers.
To say “hello” in Spanish, say “Hólá“ (OH-la).
5. RUSSIAN (with more than 200 million users)
Russian (pусский язык) belongs to the East Slavic group of the Slavic branch of the Indo-European language family. It is the largest of the Slavic languages. It is primarily spoken in the Russian Federation and by older people in the other countries that were once part of the Soviet Union, as well as in Eastern Europe. It is also spoken in Canada, China, Finland, Germany, Greece, India, Israel, and the U.S.
How difficult is it to learn? Russian is considered to be a level II in language difficulty scale for the English speakers which needs 44 weeks or approximately 1.100 class hours.
To say “hello” in Russian, say “Zdravstvuite” Здpaвcтвyй (ZDRAST-vet-yah).
6. ARABIC (with approxiamately 250 million users)
Arabic, also known as Egyptian Spoken Arabic, Masri, Massry, Normal Egyptian Arabic and Egyptian Colloquial Arabic, belongs to the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family. It is one of the world’s oldest languages speaks in the Middle East, such as Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Irak, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon and Egypt. In addition, Arabic is the language of the Koran reciting by millions of Muslims in other countries as well.
How difficult is it to learn? Arabic is considered to be a level III in language difficulty scale for the English speakers which needs 44 weeks or approximately 1.100 class hours.
To say “hello” in Arabic, you may say “Assalamu Alaykum“ (Ahs sah-LAHM ah-LAY-koom).
7. BENGALI (with more than 250 million users)
In Bangladesh, a country of 120+ million people, makes everybody using Bengali. It is also called Bangala, Bangla, Bangla-Bhasa, belongs to the Eastern group of the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family. Bangladesh is virtually surrounded by India where the number of Bengali speakers in the world be much higher than most people would expect. In addition to Bangladesh and India, Bengali is spoken in Nepal, Pakistan, the Middle East, Europe, the U.S., and Canada.
How difficult is it to learn? Bengali is considered to be a level II in language difficulty scale for the English speakers which needs 44 weeks or approximately 1.100 class hours.
To say “hello” in Bengali, say “Nomoskār“ (NOMO-skar).
8. PORTUGUESE (with less than 200 million users)
In the 12th Century, Portugal won its independence from Spain and expanded all over the world with the help of its famous explorers like Vasco da Gama and Prince Henry the Navigator. Because of Portugal got in so early on the exploring game, the language spread itself all over the world, especially in Brazil (where it’s the native language), Macau, Mozambique, Venezuela and Angola.
Portuguese, português or língua portuguesa, belongs to the Romance branch of the Indo-European language family. It is a pluricentric language, i.e., one that has two standard spoken and and two standard written standards. There are two main groups of dialects: European Portuguese and Brazilian Portuguese. Its varieties spoken in Africa and Asia are closer to those of Portugal than those of Brazil.
How difficult is it to learn? Portuguese is considered to be a level I in language difficulty scale for the English speakers which needs 23-24 weeks or approximately 575-600 class hours.
To say “hello” in Portuguese, say “Bom dia“ (bohn DEE-ah).
9. INDONESIAN – MALAY (with more than 150 million users)
Indonesian and Malay have actually the same root language with a number of dialects. It is then made these two kinds of languages become the ninth most-spoken language in the world. Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia ‘language of Indonesia’) and Malay (Bahasa Melayu) are both the member of the Malay-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian language family. Bahasa Indonesia itself is a standardized dialect of these kinds which had been used as a lingua franca in the Indonesian archipelago. Indonesia, country of Indonesian native language speakers, has a nation from over 13.000 island the sixth most populated country in the world. Generally, tends to be used in larger urban areas, while people from small towns and rural areas are more widely used local languages. Indonesian is also spoken in the Netherlands, the Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, and the U.S. Meanwhile, Malay is spoken by the native Malay people on both sides of the Straits of Malacca that separate Sumatera from the Malay Peninsula. It is the official language of Malaysia and one of the four official languages of Singapore (except English, Mandarin and Tamil).
How difficult are these languages to learn? In language difficulty scale, both of them are more difficult than other level I, such as Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish and Swedish which require 36 weeks of instruction or approximately 900 class hours to reach ILR level 3 in speaking.
To say “hello” in Indonesian or Malay, say “Halo“ (HA-lo) or say any greeting like “Selamat Pagi“ (se-LA-maht PA-gee).
10. FRENCH (with less than 150 million users)
French (français) belongs to the Romance branch of the Indo-European language family. Four countries in Europe are used this language as either a first or a second language, those are France, Belgium, Switzerland, and Luxembourg.. It is also used in two are in the Americas – Canada and Haiti.
How difficult is it to learn? French is considered to be a level I in language difficulty scale for the English speakers which needs 23-24 weeks or approximately 575-600 class hours.
To say “hello” in French, say “Bonjour“ (bone-JOOR).